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AQLI

更多 AQLI 的报道

Reports

Indonesia’s Air Pollution and its Impact on Life Expectancy

-9月-2

The average Indonesian can expect to lose 2.5 years of life expectancy at current pollution levels, according to the Air Quality Life Index (AQLI), because air quality fails to meet the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline for concentrations of fine particulate matter (PM2.5). The pollution index shows that the health impacts of particulate pollution are the greatest in Depok, Bandung, and Jakarta, where particulate pollution concentrations are the highest.

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Fact Sheets

空气质量寿命指数–中国

-9月-2

中国在世界前五空气污染大国的交椅上坐了将近20年。但在2014年成功发起“反污染战争”之后,中国将其境内的 颗粒物污染降低了29%,成功跌出世界前五的榜单。如果这样的减污成果能够持续下去,中国居民的预期寿命可望 增加1.5年。

Reports

2021 年度报告

-9月-2

在过去的一年里,新冠肺炎封锁措施为地球上一些污染最为严重的地区带来了蓝天白云,但在世界的另一端,被愈加高温和干燥的气候而加剧了的野火把烟雾送到了数千英里之外的城市上空。这两个大相径庭的生活现状为我们呈现了两个形成鲜明对比的未来,而区分这两种未来的关键就在于减少化石燃料消耗的政策。空气质量寿命指数(AQLI)的全新数据强调了对空气污染毫无作为的社会危害性。除非全球颗粒物污染水平下降到世界卫生组织(WHO)认可的安全水准,人类的预期寿命将平均缩短2.2年。对于空气污染最严重地区的居民,他们的预期寿命可能将缩短超过5年。悄无声息的PM2.5污染对人类预期寿命的影响比肺结核、艾滋病、吸烟甚至战争等传染病和行为健康风险都更具破坏性。

Fact Sheets

Nepal Fact Sheet

-9月-2

In 2019, Nepal’s average PM2.5 concentration was 61.2 μg/m³ – six times more than the permissible limit of 10 μg/m³ set by the World Health Organization (WHO), making Nepal the third most polluted country in the world. The Nepalese are on track to lose 5 years of life expectancy if these pollution levels persist. The highest concentrations were observed in Nepal’s southwestern districts which share their borders with the highly polluted Indo Gangetic Plain (IGP).

Fact Sheets

Pakistan Fact Sheet

-9月-2

Pakistan is today the world’s fourth most polluted country. Air pollution shortens the average Pakistani’s life expectancy by 3.9 years, relative to what it would have been if the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline was met. Some areas of Pakistan fare much worse than average, with air pollution shortening lives by almost 7 years in the most polluted regions.

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Fact Sheets

India Fact Sheet

-9月-2

In 2019, India’s average particulate matter concentration was 70.3 μg/m³ -the highest in the world and 7 times the WHO’s guideline of 10 μg/m³. Air pollution shortens average Indian life expectancy by 5.9 years, relative to what it would be if the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline was met; 3.0 years relative to what it would be if pollution were reduced to meet the country’s own national standard. Some areas of India fare much worse than average, with air pollution shortening lives by 9.7 years in Delhi and 9.5 years in Uttar Pradesh, the most polluted states.

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Fact Sheets

Bangladesh Fact Sheet

-9月-2

In 2019, at 65.5 μg/m³, Bangladesh recorded the second-highest average PM2.5 concentration in the world. Air pollution shortens the average Bangladeshi’s life expectancy by 5.4 years, relative to what it would have been if the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline was met. Some areas of Bangladesh fare much worse than average, with air pollution shortening lives by 6.5 years in the most polluted district.

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Fact Sheets

Central and West Africa Fact Sheet

-9月-2

In Central and West Africa1 , regions together comprised of 27 countries and 605 million people, the average person is exposed to particulate pollution levels that are double the World Health Organization’s (WHO) guideline. If these particulate pollution levels persist, average life expectancy in the regions would be 2.1 years lower, and a total of 1.2 billion person-years would be lost, relative to if air quality met the WHO standard.

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Fact Sheets

Europe Fact Sheet

-9月-2

Though most of Europe meets the European Union’s air pollution standard of 25 μg/m3, nearly three-quarters of the European population live in areas that do not meet the World Health Organization’s (WHO) stronger guideline of 10 μg/m3. The average European was exposed to a particulate pollution concentration of 12 μg/m3 in 2019. If particulate pollution were to meet the WHO guideline, average life expectancy across Europe would improve by 3 months. Life expectancy would improve more in Europe’s most polluted areas.

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Fact Sheets

United States Fact Sheet

-9月-2

Studying pollution in the United States tells largely a success story. Part of the United States once had levels of pollution like Beijing in recent years. Los Angeles had become known as the smog capital of the world and other large metropolitan areas weren’t far behind. Pollution had become a part of everyday life for many Americans, and citizens made clear that they wouldn’t tolerate it any longer. The Clean Air Act was enacted in 1970, and since that time particulate pollution has declined by 61 percent—extending the life expectancy of the average American by 1.4 years. Twenty-seven percent of those reductions have occurred over the last twenty years.

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Fact Sheets

Southeast Asia Fact Sheet

-9月-2

Eighty-nine percent of Southeast Asia’s 656 million people live in areas where particulate pollution exceeds the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline. This pollution cuts short the life expectancy of the average person by 1.7 years, relative to what it would be if the WHO guideline was met. That’s a total of 1.1 billion person-years lost to pollution in the 11 countries that make up this region.

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Reports

中国赢得了污染防治攻坚战吗?

-2月-2

近二十年来,中国一直是世界上污染最严重的前五个国家之一。但自 2014 年成功发起了一场“蓝天保卫战” 之后,中国的细颗粒物污染减少了约 40%——近年来跌出了污染最严重国家排名的前五位。事实上,从 2013 年到 2018 年,全球细颗粒物污染降幅中近四分之三来自中国。如果这种趋势保持下去,中国人的预期寿命将延长 2年。京津冀是 2013 年中国污染最严重的地区之一,目前细颗粒物污染减少了 41%,如果保持下去,该地区 1.08亿居民的预期寿命将延长 3.4 年。

Fact Sheets

中国赢得了污染 防治攻坚战吗?

-7月-2

近二十年来,中国一直是世界上污染最严重的前五个 国家之一。但自2014 年成功发起了一场“蓝天保卫战” 之后,中国的细颗粒物污染减少了约40%——近年来跌 出了污染最严重国家排名的前五位。事实上,从2013 年 到2018 年,全球细颗粒物污染降幅中近四分之三来自中 国。如果这种趋势保持下去,中国人的预期寿命将延长2 年。京津冀是2013 年中国污染最严重的地区之一,目前 细颗粒物污染减少了41%,如果保持下去,该地区1.08 亿居民的预期寿命将延长3.4 年。

Reports

年度报告

-7月-2

来自空气质量寿命指数 (“AQLI”) 的最新数据显示,在新冠肺炎爆发之前,空气污染是人类健康的最大威胁,在新冠肺炎之后,如果没有强大而持续的公共政策,空气污染仍将是最大威胁。世界很多地区还没有充分认识到空气污染的严重性,数十亿人的寿命可能因此缩短,健康状况恶化。

Fact Sheets

Indonesia Fact Sheet

-7月-2

Indonesia is today the world’s ninth most polluted country. Air pollution shortens the average Indonesian’s life expectancy by 2 years, relative to what it would have been if the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline was met. Some areas of Indonesia fare much worse than average, with air pollution shortening lives by more than 7 years in the most polluted region.

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Reports

South Korea Fact Sheet

-11月-2

South Korea ranked as the 13th most polluted country in the world in 2016, according to the Air Quality Life Index, which shows the average South Korean resident will live 1.4 years because air quality fails to meet the World Health Organization’s (WHO) guideline for fine particulate pollution.

Reports

North India Fact Sheet

-10月-2

More than 480 million people, or about 40 percent of India’s population, reside in the seven states and union territories comprising the bulk of the Indo-Gangetic Plain region of north India – Bihar, Chandigarh, Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal (Figure 1). Though the Indo-Gangetic Plain’s particulate pollution is exacerbated by geologic and meteorological factors, the AQLI’s dust- and sea salt-removed fine particulate matter (PM2.5) data imply that human activity plays a key role in generating the severe particulate pollution that these residents face. That is likely due to the fact that the region’s population density is more than three times that of the rest of the country, meaning more pollution from vehicular, residential, and agricultural sources. A denser population also means more human lives are impacted by each pollution source. Across India, reducing particulate pollution to the World Health Organization’s guideline of 10 μg/m3 would increase the national average life expectancy by 4.3 years. In north India, there would be outsize impacts of policy that reduces air pollution to meet Indian or International norms.

Reports

Thailand Fact Sheet

-3月-2

Thailand is today the world’s seventh most polluted country. Air pollution shortens the average Thai’s life expectancy by more than two years, relative to what it would have been if the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline for long-term fine particulate matter (PM2.5) pollution was met. Some areas of Thailand fare much worse than average, with air pollution shortening lives by more than four years in the most polluted regions.

Reports

India’s ‘War Against Pollution’: An Opportunity for Longer Lives”

-1月-2

In 2019, India declared a “war against pollution” and launched its National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), signaling its desire to reduce particulate air pollution—the greatest threat to human health on the planet. The Programme, which aims to reduce particulate pollution by 20-30 percent nationally, will be implemented over the next five years. If successful in meeting its goals and sustaining the reduced pollution levels, the NCAP would produce substantial benefits, extending the life expectancy of the average Indian by about 1.3 years. People breathing the most polluted air—namely those in Delhi and parts of Uttar Pradesh—could live up to 3 years longer. Further, the NCAP highlighted 102 cities containing about one quarter of the country’s population that fell short of India’s air standards. If all the cities permanently reduced particulate pollution by 25 percent (the midpoint of NCAP’s goal), their residents would gain 1.4 years. Though achieving the NCAP’s goals would be an important step toward reversing India’s 69 percent increase in fine particulate pollution (PM2.5) concentrations since 1998, India could achieve further gains in life expectancy for its citizens through additional pollution reductions that bring the country into compliance with its own official air quality standards or the World Health Organization’s (WHO) guidelines for PM2.5 concentrations.

Reports

空气质量寿命指数介绍

-11月-2

空气质量寿命指数(AQLI),在测量和表示颗粒物空气污染的健康风险方面,是一个全新突破。这是因为AQLI 将细颗粒物污染浓度转化为了一个重要的测量标准:对预期寿命的影响。AQLI 显示,与世界卫生组织认定的安全水平相比,全球人口平均遭受的细颗粒物空气污染使全球人类预期寿命缩短了近两年。这种预期寿命的减少使得细颗粒物污染的破坏性超过了传染性疾病,例如:结核病和艾滋病、吸烟等致命行为,甚至战争。

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